Oculoplastic surgery is specialised plastic surgery around the eyelids and face. It is also called oculo-facial surgery as the eyelids are continuous with the forehead, cheeks, and deals with the related tear system (lacrimal) and orbits (deeper structures surrounding the eyeball).
Surgery is primarily for abnormalities of the eyelids and their surrounding tissues, including their position and contour, in order to maintain, restore or improve function and appearance. This includes eyelid cysts and tumours, malpositions such as drooping eyelids (ptosis), staring eyes in thyroid eye disease, watering eyes and artificial (prosthetic) eyes.
Oculoplastic surgeons also do aesthetic treatments and surgery on normal eyelids and surrounding tissues to improve or change their perceived beauty, including blepharoplasty surgery and botulinum toxin injections.
Oculoplastic surgeons train as ophthalmologists (eye surgeons) and then sub-specialise in oculoplastic surgery therefore have an in depth knowledge of the eyelids, the eye and their function.
Lacrimal surgery is specialised surgery on the tear ducts for watering eyes in children (congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction) and adults, from whatever cause. Lacrimal surgeons assess and distinguish the many different causes of watering eyes and carry out tear drainage surgery. Surgery often involves endoscopic endonasal approach which is minimally invasive surgery.
|Picture of a normal female eye|
|Picture of a normal male eye|
|Assessing eye position|